Page 65 - Ad Hoc Report June 2018
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 FPDO to a CDO or vice versa).75 But individual judges do not direct or influence the way lawyers in defender offices represent their clients.
The same is not true for a private panel attorney appointed to a CJA repre- sentation whose daily activities are subject to judicial scrutiny. In most districts, judges decide which attorneys may be on the panel, how cases are assigned,
and whether attorneys should be removed from the panel. The presiding judge
in a case where a panel attorney has been appointed to a CJA client determines whether and how much a panel attorney will be paid for work on a case.76 And while in some districts panel attorneys submit fee requests (commonly referred to as “vouchers”) for payment through a CJA supervisory attorney or the federal defender for an initial review, in almost every district it is the presiding district judge who must approve a voucher before it can be paid. Additionally, there are case compensation maximums on panel attorney fees and expert and investigator costs. If a panel attorney’s voucher exceeds $10,300 for a non-capital felony case or an expert or investigator voucher exceeds $2,400, payment must be approved by the chief judge of the circuit court or a designee.77 •
 75 18U.S.C.§3006A(g)(1).
76 18U.S.C.§3006A(d)(1)-(2).
77 18U.S.C.§3006A(d)(2);18U.S.C.§3006A(e)(3).Forahistoryofpanelrateandcasemaximum increases see chart on page 54.
No recommendation presented herein represents
the policy of the Judicial Conference of the United 2 0 1 7 R E P O R T O F T H E A D H O C C O M M I T T E E T O R E V I E W T H E C R I M I N A L J U S T I C E A C T 21
States unless approved by the Conference itself.

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