Page 67 - Ad Hoc Report June 2018
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 Section 3: National Administration of the CJA
3.1 Background and Introduction
Since the Prado Report, the federal public defense function has grown consider- ably. While in 1993, the program’s budget was $295 million, in fiscal year 2017, pro- gram expenditures are expected to exceed $1.1 billion. And while there were 80,000 appointments under the program in 1994, there are now over 242,000.78 At the time of the Prado Report, there were approximately 49 FDOs and CDOs representing over half of the 94 federal judicial districts, while today there are 81 such organizations serving 91 of the 94 judicial districts. Considering these numbers, it would seem that the program has grown and developed—even flourished—under the auspices of the federal judiciary. Indeed, the judiciary has fostered the development of federal defender offices in almost every district, instilling a strong defense culture in federal courtrooms across the country.
Though these successes inform this Report, they do not resolve the questions that the Committee was charged with answering. While the judiciary has served as a committed steward, the current structure has hindered the progress of the CJA Program. As a former member of DSO succinctly explained the issue:
The question facing this Committee is not how well the judiciary has done in managing the defender services program within the existing constraints that limit its ability to do so. It is whether there is sufficient or indeed any rationale for continuing to operate within those constraints and limitations, rather than making the changes needed to give the
78 Theseincludepanelattorneyanddefenderappointments.U.S.FederalCourts,FederalJudicial Caseload Statistics, Criminal Justice Act — Judicial Business 2016, U.S. Courts, statistics-reports/criminal-justice-act-judicial-business-2016.
No recommendation presented herein represents
the policy of the Judicial Conference of the United 2 0 1 7 R E P O R T O F T H E A D H O C C O M M I T T E E T O R E V I E W T H E C R I M I N A L J U S T I C E A C T 23
 States unless approved by the Conference itself.

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