Page 77 - Ad Hoc Report June 2018
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 (discussed below) has made the DSO less flexible, has weakened the authority of the chief of the office, and has created difficulties in supporting federal defense. Defenders also testified that they saw the change in DSO’s status as indicative of the judiciary’s failure to appreciate their distinct mission and needs.
Within the AO, before 2013, DSO (then named the Office of Defender Services) was an independent “directorate,” reporting to the Director of the AO. As illustrated in the chart below, there was a direct line of communication between Office of Defender Services and the AO Director.
Administrative Office of the United States Courts (pre-restructuring)
       Office of Audit
Office of Court Administration
Office of Information Technology
Office of Management, Planning
and Assessment
Long-Range Planning Office
Office of Defender Services
Office of Internal Services
Associate Director and General Council
       Office of Judicial Conference Executive Secretariat
Office of Facilities and Security
Office of Judges Programs
Office of Legislative Affairs
Judicial Impact Office
Office of Finance and Budget
Office of Probation and Pretrial Services
Office of Public Affairs
Office of Human Resources
                  In 2013, the AO reorganized its structure in an effort “to reduce operating costs and duplication of effort, simplify the agency’s administrative structure, and provide enhanced service to the courts and the Judicial Conference.”124 This reorganization (“re-org”) was meant to: “Simplify organizational structures;” “Empower managers and streamline governance;” and “Create flexibility to respond to changing circum- stances.”125 One core goal was “[t]o enhance service to the courts and the Judicial Conference.”126 To achieve this, the re-organization would: 1) “Refocus on the AO’s core mission,” in order to “sustain, and where possible improve, our support of the courts and the Judicial Conference;” 2) “Enhance the partnership between the AO
124 MemorandumofAssociationDirectorMinortoFederalPublic/CommunityDefendersand Memorandum of Understand, at Exh. B (April 24, 2014).
125 AdministrativeOfficeofU.S.Courts,AODocument:RestructuringtheAdministrative Office: Maintaining Excellence in an Era of Fiscal Austerity 5–6.
126 Id.at4.
No recommendation presented herein represents
the policy of the Judicial Conference of the United 2 0 1 7 R E P O R T O F T H E A D H O C C O M M I T T E E T O R E V I E W T H E C R I M I N A L J U S T I C E A C T 33
 States unless approved by the Conference itself.

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