Page 38 - Ad Hoc Report June 2018
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 Interim Recommendations of the CJA Review Committee OCTOBER 2017
The CJA Review Committee unanimously recommends that Congress create an inde- pendent Federal Defender Commission within the judicial branch of government, but outside the oversight of the Judicial Conference. The Commission would have sole authority to set policy and practices related to the provisions of federal defense.
The Committee realizes that the creation of an independent Federal Defender Commission cannot be implemented immediately. While Congress weighs the merits of this recommendation and determines how best to proceed, the judi- ciary can and should take important steps to give defenders more authority and autonomy. While most of the actions outlined below constitute interim recom- mendations — and will be moot once a Federal Defender Commission is cre- ated — some are useful guidance even to a fully independent entity.
Structural Changes
1. The Defender Services Committee (DSC) should have:
ffExclusive control over defender office staffing and compensation.
ffThe ability to request assistance of Judicial Resources Committee (JRC) staff
on work measurement formulas.
ffControl over development and governance of eVoucher in order to collect data and better manage the CJA program.
ffManagement of the eVoucher program and the interface with the payment system.
ffExclusive control over the spending plan for the defender services program.
2. ForanyperiodduringwhichAOandJCUScontinuetohaveauthorityover the budget for the CJA program, when either the Budget or Executive Committee disagree with the budget request by the DSC, the matter should be placed on the discussion calendar of the full Judicial Conference.
3. ThecompositionoftheDSCshouldincludetheco-chairsoftheDefender Services Advisory Group, both as voting members.
4. DefenderServicesOffice(DSO)mustberestoredtoalevelofindependence and authority at least equal to what it possessed prior to the reorganization of the AO. In particular, DSO should be empowered to:
No recommendation presented herein represents xxxvi 2 0 1 7 R E P O R T O F T H E A D H O C C O M M I T T E E T O R E V I E W T H E C R I M I N A L J U S T I C E A C T the policy of the Judicial Conference of the United States unless approved by the Conference itself.

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