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litigation experience needed to be selected for district CJA panels. In Minnesota, for example, the FPDO created what another defender calls “the gold standard”884 of mentoring programs. Attorneys with state court experience participate in a two-year mentorship program where they are assigned to a “second-chair position” alongside an experienced panel attorney.885 Court funding pays for their time,886 with the hope that those lawyers will later be in a position to join the CJA panel.887
New York has one of the oldest and most successful mentoring programs for panel attorneys. The program, which is designed to increase diversity, is open to everyone. Active for seven years, it has channeled 19 lawyers from diverse back- grounds on to the CJA panel who “have met with the high standards and approval of the court,” a clear measure of success.888
Similar programs in other districts have proven successful in attracting
and preparing young, diverse attorneys for federal criminal defense work. In the Middle District of North Carolina, for example, younger attorneys who want to join the panel are “matched with regular panel attorneys . . . to bring up younger attorneys so that as [the] panel ages, [the district has] new attorneys ready to go.”889 Similarly, in Wyoming, some of the more experienced panel attorneys serve as voluntary mentors, working with mentees, and then recommending qualified mentees to the Standing Committee and the court, who manage the panel.890 Even with a relatively small bar, the Wyoming panel “maintains approximately eight to 10 mentees at any given time.”891
In addition to formal mentoring programs, some districts offer CLE credit and other training programs to expose younger and more diverse attorneys to federal criminal defense practice, helping them gain experience.892 A judge in one district testified, “We are planning a free training session geared to lawyers who are less experienced in federal criminal defense. We are also experimenting with an informal
884 AndreaGeorge,Exec.Dir.,CDO,E.D.Wash.&D.Idaho,PublicHearing—Portland,Or.,Panel6, Writ. Test., at 2.
885 RobertRichman,BoardMemberofMinn.Assoc.ofCriminalDefenseLawyers,PublicHearing— Minneapolis, Minn., Panel 4, Tr., at 32.
886 Inanefforttodevelopanddiversifythedistrict’sCJApanel,in2007theCourtauthorized
the Second Chair Program. During the course of the program, participants act as “second chair” attorneys on three CJA cases and attend dozens of hours of training, designed specifically for new federal practitioners. A paid program coordinator develops and provides the training, in addition to supervising the program participants. The funding for the program is provided by the District Court’s Attorney Admission Fund and the FPDO administers the program.
887 RobertRichman,BoardMemberofMinn.Assoc.ofCriminalDefenseLawyers,Public Hearing—Minneapolis, Minn., Panel 4, Tr., at 32.
888 AnthonyRicco,CJADist.Rep.,E.D.N.Y.,PublicHearing—Philadelphia,Pa.,Panel9,Tr.,at10.
889 LisaCostner,CJADist.Rep.,M.D.N.C.,PublicHearing—Birmingham,Ala.,Panel7,Tr.,at11.
890 Mag.JudgeKellyRankin,D.Wyo.,PublicHearing—Portland,Or.,Panel3,Writ.Test.,at5.
891 Id.
892 See, e.g., Mag. Judge Mark Hornsby, W.D. La., Public Hearing—Birmingham, Ala., Panel 5,
Writ. Test., at 2.
No recommendation presented herein represents T H E A D H O C C O M M I T T E E T O R E V I E W T H E C R I M I N A L J U S T I C E A C T the policy of the Judicial Conference of the United States unless approved by the Conference itself.

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