Page 229 - Ad Hoc Report June 2018
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 lawyers bring to their advocate’s role and develops greater trust and confidence with clients.”877 Nonetheless, efforts to increase diversity have mainly involved ad hoc, local efforts. While efforts to diversify CJA panels and defender offices are, as one panel attorney testified, “something that we have to accomplish on a local level,” that same panel attorney also pointed out that these conversations about diversity are repeated every year at conferences without much change.878
Notable examples of local initiatives include the fellowship program imple- mented by the FPDO in the Eastern District of Washington. “These were one-year termed positions. [Fellows] received . . . intensive training while they handled immigration cases [and] supervised release violations, petty offenses and other low-level felonies before [being integrated into] the big wide world of indigent criminal defense work. [Today], many graduates of the fellowship program serve as assistant federal defenders across the country while others serve on CJA panels.”879 According to the current federal defender in that district, the program not only successfully prepares lawyers for positions across the country, it also provides their own office with a more diverse applicant pool.880 As in other rural locations, the pool of people applying to work in the Eastern District of Washington is not partic- ularly diverse. The one-year fellowship program has become “an excellent mecha- nism to recruit young and inexperienced attorneys of color who might not other- wise apply for a permanent position.”881
Other federal defenders told the Committee that they also have an interest
in creating fellowship programs, some similar to those offered by law schools that subsidize the work of new graduates. This desire, however, is often restrained by work measurement and staffing limits. “I would like to be able to hire a...fellowship lawyer,” explained a community defender, “to take a young lawyer and shape them in the culture that we are building, give them a step-up into another office or stay with mine and stay on track.”882 Because of staffing limits, the defender has instead hired a lawyer as “paralegal investigator, who we are basically grooming for the next attorney position. And because we wanted her to see things from all aspects...the best way to do that at the current [staffing levels] was to place her in a [paralegal] position where she would see everything sort of from the bottom up.”883
In a number of jurisdictions, defenders and panel representatives have cre- ated opportunities for younger lawyers and attorneys of color to acquire the federal
877 PatrickM.Livingston,CJADist.Rep.,W.D.Pa.,PublicHearing—Philadelphia,Pa.,Panel9,Writ. Test., at 2.
878 AnthonyRicco,CJADist.Rep.,E.D.N.Y.,PublicHearing—Philadelphia,Pa.,Panel9,Tr.,at15.
879 AndreaGeorge,Exec.Dir.,CDO,E.D.Wash.&D.Idaho,PublicHearing—Portland,Or.,Panel6, Writ. Test., at 1.
880 Id.at2.
881 Id.
882 TinaHunt,Exec.Dir.,CDO,M.D.Ga.,PublicHearing—SantaFe,N.M.,Panel3,Tr.,at22. 883 Id.
No recommendation presented herein represents
the policy of the Judicial Conference of the United 2 0 1 7 R E P O R T O F T H E A D H O C C O M M I T T E E T O R E V I E W T H E C R I M I N A L J U S T I C E A C T 185
 States unless approved by the Conference itself.

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