Page 6 - Ad Hoc Report June 2018
P. 6

 iv 2 0 1 7
R E P O R T
O F
T H E
5.4 Other Recurring Issues in Voucher Review........................................................................................................................111
5.4.1 Overbilling...................................................................................................................................................................................................................111
5.4.2 Delays in Payment ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 113
5.4.3 Interim Vouchers to Facilitate Payment..................................................................................................................................... 114
5.4.4 LackofDueProcess........................................................................................................................................................................................116
5.4.5 Independent Support for Changing the Current System of Voucher Review...................................123
5.5 Alternative Approaches to Voucher Review...................................................................................................................125 5.5.1 Use of CJA Supervising Attorneys and CJA Administrators.................................................................................125 5.5.2 Voucher Review by Federal Defender Organizations.................................................................................................128 5.5.3 Case-BudgetingAttorneys......................................................................................................................................................................130
Section 6: Circuit Court Oversight..............................................................................................................................................134 6.1 Circuit Review of Panel Attorney Vouchers
and Ancillary Service Provider Requests............................................................................................................................134 6.1.1 Burdens on Judges Created by Circuit Review Requirement...........................................................................135 6.1.2 BurdensonCJAAttorneysCreatedbyCircuitReview..............................................................................................136
6.2 Appointment and Oversight of Federal Public Defender Offices................................................139 6.2.1 FPD Appointment and Reappointment Issues.................................................................................................................139 6.2.2 StaffingIssues......................................................................................................................................................................................................140
Section 7: Quality of Representation.................................................................................................................................... 143
7.1 Quality of Representation by Panel Attorneys............................................................................................................144 7.1.1 Resources..................................................................................................................................................................................................................146 7.1.2 Expert Service Providers............................................................................................................................................................................149 7.1.3 AttorneyEffort.....................................................................................................................................................................................................156 7.1.4 Institutional Support.....................................................................................................................................................................................157 7.1.5 Expertise....................................................................................................................................................................................................................158 7.1.6 Compensation.....................................................................................................................................................................................................158 7.1.7 Independence......................................................................................................................................................................................................159 7.1.8 TheImportanceofTraining..................................................................................................................................................................160
7.2 The Quality of Representation Provided By Federal
and Community Public Defenders............................................................................................................................................. 165
7.3 Additional Issues that Affect the Quality of Representation................................................................170 7.3.1 Ability to Retain Interpreters................................................................................................................................................................170 7.3.2 RemoteDetentionofDefendants....................................................................................................................................................173 7.3.3 Representation of Native Americans............................................................................................................................................175
Section 8: Diversity........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 178 8.1 The Importance of Diversity....................................................................................................................................................................178 8.2 Current Composition of Those Working Under the CJA............................................................................179
No recommendation presented herein represents A D H O C C O M M I T T E E T O R E V I E W T H E C R I M I N A L J U S T I C E A C T the policy of the Judicial Conference of the United States unless approved by the Conference itself.














































































   4   5   6   7   8