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R E P O R T
O F
T H E
Table of Contents
Acknowledgments ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................vii Ad Hoc Committee to Review the Criminal Justice Act.................................................................................................... ix Preface .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................x Executive Summary.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................xii
Background
Section 1: The Committee’s Task and Review Process................................................................... 1 1.1 TheCommitteeanditsTask............................................................................................................................................................................1 1.2 The Committee’s Review Process..........................................................................................................................................................3
Section 2: Legal Underpinnings and
Passage of the Criminal Justice Act.............................................................................................................................................6
2.1 EstablishingtheRighttoCounsel:SixthAmendmentJurisprudence......................................6
2.2 MovingTowardsaFederalDefenderProgram.............................................................................................................10
2.3 The Criminal Justice Act .................................................................................................................................................................................... 12
2.4 Prado Report: First Independent Review of the Criminal Justice Act..................................... 15
2.5 HowThingsHaveChangedSincethePassageoftheCriminalJusticeAct....................16
2.6 AdministrationoftheCriminalJusticeActbytheJudiciary...................................................................18 2.6.1 HybridSystemofDefense..........................................................................................................................................................................18 2.6.2 NationalAdministration...............................................................................................................................................................................19 2.6.3 LocalAdministration.....................................................................................................................................................................................20
Findings
Section 3: National Administration of the CJA...............................................................................................23
3.1 Background and Introduction................................................................................................................................................................23
3.2 CurrentStructureandGovernance................................................................................................................................................24 3.2.1 JudicialConferenceCommitteesRelevanttotheGovernanceofDefenderServices................24 3.2.2 The Administrative Office and its Role in the Governance of Defender Services..........................25
3.3 FundamentalWeaknessesintheCurrentStructureandGovernance..................................27 3.3.1 DSC’s Lack of Decision-Making Authority Over the CJA Program................................................................28 3.3.2 AO Re-organization and the Loss of Directorate Status of DSO.......................................................................32 3.3.3 Inability of Defenders to Meaningfully Participate in JCUS..................................................................................35
3.4 Oversight of National Budget for the CJA.............................................................................................................................38 3.4.1 Formulation of the CJA Program Budget...................................................................................................................................38
No recommendation presented herein represents A D H O C C O M M I T T E E T O R E V I E W T H E C R I M I N A L J U S T I C E A C T the policy of the Judicial Conference of the United States unless approved by the Conference itself.












































































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