Page 26 - Ad Hoc Report June 2018
P. 26

 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
 Cost of Defender Services Grew at a Slower Rate than the Judiciary’s Overall Budget
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
2005 2007 2009 2011 FISCAL YEAR
Judiciary minus Defenders
CADCOJS minus Defenders
CADCOJS Salaries & Expenses
Defender Services
              Note: The judiciary’s budget includes the Supreme Court Salaries and Expenses, Supreme Court Care of Building and Grounds, Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit and Court of International Trade. “CADCOJS” is the total combined costs for the Courts of Appeals, District Courts and Other Judicial Services. CADCOJS Salaries and Expenses are just those specific expenses of the Courts of Appeals, District Courts, and Other Judicial Services. Source: Administrative Office of U.S. Courts The Judiciary FY07–FY17 Congressional Budget Summary.
2013 2015
 Sequestration and the Fallout
The 2013 Congressional budget sequestration devastated many public defender offices, cutting funding by 10 percent resulting in staff reductions of 30 to 50 per- cent.15 It has taken years for these offices to return to prior staffing levels. For a full year, panel attorneys were paid at a reduced rate; a pay-cut for which they have never been compensated. Additionally, there is a widespread belief among panel attorneys who testified before the Committee that the cost-cutting mentality evi- dent during sequestration sparked a rise in voucher cutting by judges that continues today. Lack of government data on voucher review and approval makes it impossi- ble to evaluate the accuracy of this perception.
Sequestration engendered a widespread sentiment among the defender com- munity that the judiciary was unable to fully protect the public defense func-
tion. Frustrated and concerned, defenders by-passed the judiciary and appealed directly to Congress for emergency funding which they then received. Many experts view their success in the midst of this fiscal crisis as evidence that the fed- eral defense community is now mature enough to advocate for itself, independent from the judiciary.
 15 RonNixon,PublicDefendersAreTighteningBeltsBecauseofSteepFederalBudgetCutsN.Y.TIMES (Aug. 23, 2013).
No recommendation presented herein represents xxiv 2 0 1 7 R E P O R T O F T H E A D H O C C O M M I T T E E T O R E V I E W T H E C R I M I N A L J U S T I C E A C T the policy of the Judicial Conference of the United States unless approved by the Conference itself.
SPENDING (in Billions)


















































































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